华体会网页版登录入口
ʮ¸ ķŶ

벼ʲά˵ǣҪΪ˹ֵһ𡪡սʱڡ硹ļ⡣ʮͬǰвֻͬǣּµ֧ߡһ˹ţҡһΪʲ׼֮ᣬ롸硹УΪ͵ҥ˶һЩٵIJϡ

ʵϣ˹֮䣬ָһɲѪӡ˹𣬴IJ෴ı˹ֵ嵳˶ɱһˣȰһIJʲά估ͬ¡֮ҪǣΪҪĸͳ ˶áһרȨԹŷʽʵǿȼ廯빤ҵáһжͬͳԭΥģҲΪڵҪԵġ ˹ֵIJ֮𡣲ڵڻǹһڣǶߡġ˫¿42ڡȷ浳񻰡һģһξλǰĽ붼ûΪ쵼ܣ˹ְֵĽڣǶߣͳɹˡעһIJʲά˵ҲרƵĵϣڸһֱԷסǿķٹ˷ԵӴӷôķһγ˳;αװǿ³ӣȻѳӼߣΪûмһͬ˹ʱֱ̫ԶˡǫҲΪ䷶ġίὨȫʱ Ϊʲ᣿ûôئǰʲᶼдʵڲֵٰЩע ڶά൱춹ᣩĻϣ˿ԹȻҲʱʱdzϵڻάɣ̬ˣʱ˵˻ҲṫǸIJϣ˹ֵĴ˹ɳ壬˹ؾԡߡעҪͬ˹־˹ֻؾŪ£ҡҪעģ

¹

ʮ¸˽ΪһС鹲ͽ䣬ȫΥʵġʮ¸إҪ˵ʷ顣Ϊĸ߶֯ȫԷΧڣˡʿԼά飩ΪĹڹ﹤Լ֯ίԱᡣЩ֯и߶ԣֻܺƽĹȻһӽаǣѾʼʵ˹˽׼ƣҵѡپټٵȡС벻ƽҲʼˡȻһ꣬෽涼ҪֹͣʵʩٴۿۡⲢȶ˸ԭ򣬶ΪսʧȥȨʲ׼˰׾ڵ۹֧սսȨҪе飬䵱ѾһսȫǧٿףӦս͸Լڵж䣬ʱΪһСĴʩֻʱģûҪһר꣩Ȼ֮ԸΥǸʮ¸ԭĸԭ򣬶һŲ㡪׼սܾ֮ƶ𣬲𲽴۵Ȩ ս߼ʹĵܲһһ治ܲɳʾټĹάֹһЩԭͬжԣڸѸٳΪȨе¹ͬʱҲԱ仯Ӳ˷չΪʮ򣬶аͶӣǶʶˡսʱǰ뵳νʿֻռԱ2%ѡһ棬ʱҲͬʮ¸ǰϦĶڳɷϴͬǰĹ˵أԱǹˣְԱսҪʹŲΪͣЩԭȰԭȨҵͨˡȨ˹ϷΪƷʣרᡢϡȨ ڵҪ䶼վԹŻDzͬһʱһµʶȥԷԣ᲻һʱԶҷ˹ֲǸĹ˵ʱѾ̫ˡ

빤˷

͹ŻΣշؾɡ1920ĵھŴδϣŵĹŻʱΪӦս˽ίβѡٲĵطίᡣŵǣ ҪʹԱ쵼˵ǣȥɣȥĶɣȴȨѡԼίԱԼ֯Ҫʣ˭ίԱ᣿ѵΪҲʵһƣע壩 ţ1921ĵʮδϣ˷ҲĹŻ̩ʩ·򷴶þɶټרйȨܣԹݵļмڹҵеһƣɹӹܾùԱָ˽׼ƣ Ҫ˭ȥµľʽأȥǧ˿ϵŵļԱˣԼһݵԱɵάԱɹһ˽׼ļأע Ҫ䷴Թ˷ɵ٣ΪȻϵڹ壬ҪΣաҪΣdzʧܵʲ׼Сʲ׼ԣһŽֹɱڴ֮ǰһֱDZΪıرҪأʮδǶʷһˮ룬ΪֹɱľͳΪ˹ѹзɵз Dz˶ѳΪ˹Żļȷ棿ǵġǵʱ֮Žֹɱֻ֮Ϊһʱʩ˵ ͬ־ǣڲӦзɣڲʱ򣡡ŽᣬڲзɴڡǴĿǰеóνۡעߣ ע⣬ǡڡʱǡĿǰơѡ˵к֪ԭʱսȻոսǾƲҵֻսǰһ˽׼Ŀֻսǰ35%ڶʮԱľУѶΪװ˵ţַ˿˹ˮѱ䡣ǣʱ̶Ϊҵɱ춼ø㷢Խãָĵ˱Խӡѣ̨׾ҥԳȻġ˺ܵҥԳ棬Բʱֹɱ

Ȼ1920ʱ˵ǵĹǴй׶˵Ĺ˹ҡĻԣֱ1921꣬עԷսϣӱܵʲ׼İ׾ΪҪΣգΪҪáš˿İ취ӦҪˣûгݹ˼ͬʱҲһˣš꣩ ˵ҪΪ˹ֵĶøȫҲδ̫šΪʮδֻǽֹɱ֯мҪɱ𣬵ûнֹ˼ɱ𣬼һΪĵɢϡΪһλ䣨ŵһ޶ŲԸٵĻѡίԱʱԣ˵ ޷ֹġڸϷ磬ǾܰᵳίԱȫߵȨ񲻳עˣ ˿šˣԭⲻʱģ̶ͬ˹ΪȣҲ֮йɵҲһ ûһר뷨෴ʮ¸ˣΪԶԵºԼ˳ֲʣ¶һִǣսʱڣûдԭϽֹǷʵʽֹȫijս̬ȼսĽչˡʲά˵˼ߣʱʱڿ˹ѱ֮ᣬͬΪսȼ1921һνֹɻȻʱֻͬΪʱʩŹ²Ͽ֤ʵ뷨ȫڶһ¼1922괺һݲݸ壬ᵽҪʲά˺Ϸעţʱͬ뷨Ļвּ⣬һƪǰûз˵У1921˵֮ɱģ ũijּСʲ׼ϵķչԵشٳӦij֡еѡ񣬲Ƿ׼Щķչ֮Сʲ׼ϵȻġǵΨһѡ񣬶һ޵ѡЩĻļмϵIJͬʽѡעʮ

Ŀ

ԼҲϣԼûм羯赽Żء֮ûУΪһԹ˶˵ʷǰ⣬Ṥ˽׼ηֹŴӹͱˡϡ⣬ǻûܼоעʮһ ٵ1921ףѾΪصĹŻDzҵ Dz춶ԿɶйУΪȫӦðǴԼίԱˣ÷ӵ룬˵ʲʱǾͻ˻ñעʮ1922¼ٿĵʮһδٷ˲Ԥ Ī˹4700ĹԱһѹȻ˵˭쵼˭أ˵Ա쵼ȻҺܻ˵˵ʵ쵼DZ쵼Сʱʷʦ˵һһ壬˼ҵߣսߡܼ򵥣˶ĻأǾͲˡĻ춱壬ʹԼĻ֮߾ͻʹ߽ԼĻڶ˹׶ǷƵأ4700ԱһʦˣȫķӣǷܱ˵Ļ֧أ

ǵĻ͵ÿ΢ܱЩĹԱɲһЩΪЩû㹻Ĺ졣Աλ쵼ʱŪΪʱعƵǰ浱ơעʮ ףһƪ˵˵ 1917ǶȡȨ֮ᣬһعԱʵеʱDZסˣ˵صɡȫˣǵIJҡһְԱȱ൱ʵѧʵعǡʵϾ飬棬ִƹȨĵطعԱǿְ𣬿棬ҪɾɣҳǵĴʩעʮģ

1922һз磬ֹͣȥᵽʱΪˡݣԹ˸ᡣŻʴһأҴʴ˹бֵԵģ⡣ ΪĹ̵ǣԡ֮ͷ̬ȡ

1921սᣬǰɳеĸҵάȨճ̡⡣ΪʱȨԾֱԭķȥû⵽ԡ1922£˹һ춶˹ά干͹͸͹໥ϵľݰй涨ڿ׶˹ݽ³ǵΪι͹˹Υ˳ԾƽȵĶġǵ³ǹʱ˹ôֱֶ֯βǡ еܵ˹ֵϷ÷Ѿţ֮Ū࣬ҼҵطУ Ҫͬ˹һսǿŸһκãҾҪںԵ ҪԼִίԱɶ˹ˡڿˡ³˵ȵϯԣעʮ壩

ʱڵǣھΣ ҾúܶԲˣΪûʮּʮֹϵعλ⡭˹ֵļϲȡʩԼġ塻ķߺޣ˾áעʮ ƪDZȽϿˣΪдϴΧĶߵġʵϣ˽£Ѿʼͬ˹ŲδͷĿľҶˡ

֮ᣬдν ˹ֱ̫ȱм䣬ǹ໥ȫ̵ģǵְλϾͳΪ̵ˡˣҽͬ־ϸ취˹ְִλϵעʮˣ ϧǣдֵʱѾˡһзȫȥĹǡʦδ

һϸӵģǾǾý⡣սһ¾սʱߣʵ˰ǿָгȡǰġۺ硷һģ˵һũҵмߺ·ԴСũãǣһ棬Ҳû˹ùǿȼ廯ðչҵµ˵ֱdz˹˵һ Ϊͨ¾ʹȫ˲μӺ磬Ҫһʷʱõ£ǶȹʱҲҪһʮꡣעʮţ 谭ǹ˽׼Ļ㡣ǣ Ļϣðкġڹһϣݹȥľ飬ҲӦóĽۣһЩӦȡĽȰ취Ƕκð˵󻰵ȵһŲšɻͻԼ˵κƷʣ޼µġעإЩͬ˹ֵġɲһСԼֱԯޣ

ҪԹڿʼʱҲȫżȻġλʷҷ֮⣬Ϊֻ׼ˣũʲ׼ûй˼⡣ǣһҵѾлĹңѱ춹ũȨʵͣǻΪˣʵһͷҪ⡣Ȼⲻ˵ȫԹⲻǶ֪飬˼Ҳð壨سƵ󣩣˶Թҹżͷͷ׼򲻷ʤܾ˵£ؽðʷѵʶǣʵ֤ǵʶΪϾIJοֵҪ֪ʱִҵż⣬һ֧ޡοʱķԴҪ˽ʱǹҡؼţרƣΪв˹󡣷֮ʱᣬ1789ķһյҪö࣬οʵйоáԣһѹũලⷢչΪȨĹ⣬ǴǰȻҲƵȨձƷǣһֱΪпƷʲ׼1871蹤ʲ׼Ʒһû뵽һȨŲ䷽ʽ ףҪϵIJҲżȻġϾʷϵһνȱ⡣οʹʱܴһʼע⣬Ҳ˵һܱ⡣ϾĹʱĴ̫նˡʱҶ뾭Ʋũɧ˽׼ɢˣƣˡ¹֮ģʤǾ⡣Ҫͬʱ͹ķûзŶ䶼Ǿ⣩ΨķǼ֮һԱ䣩ʷɸֻ໥ġ˭Ҳȷ֪Ƕ˵ҪܼһŽԸŻᣬĶеܱģʹΪɱ⣬Ȼֱɡ

ussrkemp@sohu.com ҳ