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һⶼ˹Ƕʷļ򵥻˹ (Tomas Borge 199273նԷƵ¶˹޵IJɷ) ߣTomas Borge

ϵ˹˵ʷǰΧij¼Щ¼Ǽ򵥵, ҵı͹Ű͸ҴһǷζǵʷ·

˵ӪʱȴͣǰѳΪĵ۹ΨһƷһ򵥵ʵʷһҪ顣Ű;ͣǰӪıΣպսһʵʷϵһҪ¼ Ȼ ,Tomas, һҲڿԽǴӴԺҲܹܵ ȫȡڽᷢЩʲôΪDzžǽŵҵ塣

Դ˺ģҶԴҲġǷζŹŰ͸緶Χ巽·յĿʼ һ綯ʱںޱһЩԭ Ҳǻ߲ⱵһʱڣͼʹԼһʱͣǿ˵һʱǵ۹Ȩ񻯵ʱڡ

ǰδ˷ź͵۹ĽⲢζԶȥ۹ìʴĿǰ沢ǵļֵۣϣõ˵ǷdzҪġŶҴΪǺҪ, ľҪ塣ždzһµҲкΰ塣ܵԲֿܵףǽкΰ塣ܹȡʤ, DZؽ, ΪҪǧս׵Dzܵģǽкΰ塣

˵, Ƿ̸رᵽ,˵屻ɱ, ϰһǷ˵ڳĶıиǷ֮һ

, Ҳ˵ЩǷйأΪҶԸǷĿı֮һ Բ˼ķʽȡһҪ쵼ǸȨĹ쵼е, е֪ڻ֪ҹȥ١Ŭ˵, ǶһʼͿȫ Ҳ˵Ƿ֪ãΪȷŸǷŬĽ塣 ͬάΪٽŬDzͬҽҲͬ⣺⵽, Ҳ⵽˻ȫ˿µʧرǸ˸Ϊӵ άûһ, ЩԹսս͹Ρ߸ûлĻ۹彫Ҳ߽ҡ仰˵, 岻Ȼģɱ, DZıɱġҵ˼

Ƶ¶ ,Դ޹ҵĸ쵼˵, ǰΣijһ߻ߣԼɪ ˹֡

˹ַ˺ܴͬʱҲʾΰǻۡ ҿ, κ鶼˹Ƕʷļ򵥻, ΪûһѾܴһеĹͶ˹һDzܵģǧӢŬΪķչǧλ˹ס Ϊܶ˹֡, ԷƵΥ ˹ַȨĴһֱֵһļŲƵĹ۵㡣

Ҹе˹ֵũҵûзչʹữĽ̶ȡҿ, ữĹӦøؿʼ𽥵СУһ̵ܶʷʱھú᷽涼˺ܸߵĴۡ һе˹սǰȫġû˷ҵ羸ߴʹϣճΪһ,һ вܷϣǰʾ˼˵ܡ̼ϣյߺ˹ֵĿ־, ־嵼˹һеһЩ, ΪΪǶԭĹȻΥΪʱ䣬ϧκδϣյ޽ƽԼ ǵĸ, ĹŰ͸ʷڼ, ǴûΪӮʱΪκʵʵһԭ͵̸С¹ѾҪƽʱ˹ֻ Molotov-Ribbentrop Լ

Ҹе, ַԼԶӮʱ, ʱ, ΪսҪ֮, һ, Ϊ⵽ʱ, ӦDzռƬ, ڿ˻˹񡪡 Ҳҿ϶һĵ һŴԭ͹ʷ˵ԷdzģսһµĴ ˹ַ˱ϴ󲿷ֵһϵд , Щʹߣΰѣ ڱ֧Щ¼еÿһʮѵλá Ȼ, ҵñҴûκμ۹ ( κγϣ˵ )

ἰΥԭѧ˵;ΥıԵǻܴۡ 1939 9 µ1941 6 һŸµʱȷʵܹװԼϣҲøǿˡ ϣ 1939 սƻС1941ɵģ Ҳܺ ðһˡⳡս£ϣա ˵˵˹ֵԸ, κ鶼˵ز, ʹĴ֮һڵ¹ıݾҽһװµ, Ѫѵϴʵڴսǰҹشάӡ

Ϊ˹ֵŵʲô

ȷͳһʼҵάͳһٴƶ˹ʸ˶Ĺҵ˹ǵж֮һһֿľء ˹ּ֧ߵΰĹ֮һ Ѿ¹ҵҪսԹҵǨƵǵάļƻ ˹սڼ쵼úܺáཫɷ ڵάǻ䣬˹ڱɴսҪáǶһ㡣 ΪӦö˹йķκ鶼ǶʷĹּ򵥻


ڲǰͬͳ¬ʱŰ쵼˿˹ޱ˶Ļ֮飬˵˵̫𡱡
˹27յġ걨Ϸ£һʾ˵ǡһԴ
壬Ű͵Ĺֵ½35˹޻˵ʱ֯һ겻񡱣ŰԱҳϺͼᶨ
˹˵ûм뵽ʱ֧߶ԽڮСʱڹŰûκһ˼崴ʼ˻򳫵ߵƻûκһѧУ򹤳ơ
˹صᵽŰԭ޷Ӧʱ쵼ȴһֱЭŰƷ
˹л̸ԹŰͽƻıնǣΪͳҰ޼ɵֶΡǽŰͣͶŶƻŰ͵ĸᡢȡ
˹޼1ûڹ¶ˡ
Ұժ2008127հǵ磩


Ű͵ĸĸӵ
2011-04-22 14:45:55 ߣѩ

2011416յ419գŰ͹ȫٿĸδ⣬Ӷ˾۽йӢ裬ơŰ˺йһĵ·ܶɺȺҲʮֱۣΪŰˡ

ʵӶԹŰ͸ĸıصŰ͵ĸĸйӢĸĸȫ£Ű͵ĸĸĸĸ

ӴŰ͹ȫͨˡ߷ݰȴرˡ߷ݰ⡪гáļ壬ǿֻսʤһѲɹģʽ½Уƻгʼռгһֻ˷ġҰг˽ƶȣг룬Ű;гá

ơ߷ݰݰϰвŸλ˽ӪãʵΪ徭ãҵȨͶʺҿ֧ȡ ȴرЩʩʵںԡϰвŸλΪŰ͵ġԱIJԱ¸ڸͬǼ򵥲ԱǽüԱᣬǽתƵšʵϣŰgovernmentԱͬʱҲЩ˵İüƻЩ˽ֳҵװ޺ͽ˾ʻҵͨȲŻµĹ

ӻŰũ˽˳аءӪҵgovernmentݣг13Űũ׼аء17ȡ徭ӪִաȴرЩаءڻĵأŰһ߶ȳлĹң180ĵ˸֣йѸسаȫ£Ҳر˹ŰӪҵҵֻڲȷҵһ㲻Ӷˡ2009ףŰ600Ͷ85%ȫƵλҵ12%ڼƵλҵ2%Ǹ壬1%ҵȫռҵֵ95%Ͷ˹ǿĸŰ͹Խռ壬ʲֵҵйƾռ90%ϡ

ӴŰȡŰṩʳƷʼ۸ĹӦԵĶȡ塣Ͷ˹޵ԭǣŰȡŰṩʳƷʼ۸ĹӦͻȻȡʲôʹӦԣȡʲô[b]ȫѽȫҽǹŰĻıʣԶı[/b]

ӴŰ˽˹סǹȻƺŰǰûзסʵŰʵиַƶȣŮʱѻһסǰסֻɽɳۡιŰͽͨ۷ֵķӱ˽˶طӵȫȨһҲѻõס¶޽ͷʩ壬йһ·۷ǡ

ǿŰҪ Űɫ·ȴرˡŰɫ·ʵ塣Űɫ·ǷƵ¶˹1995ûʱġʱƵ¶˹jxmͬ־̸ʱָйĸ↑ȡΰɾͣйģʽǷչйҵϣǣŰ͵Ĺ鲻ͬЧйԽϸĸ↑ŵľŰͽݱʵ߹Űɫ·ˣŰɫ·ʵǡհйԽϵĸĸᆳ顱˼



ʵӶԹŰ͸ĸı෴Ű͹ȫȫ̳˶ԡijЩˡijЩҡͶ˹ڴϿĻʽָŰڽеġģʽִ̲ɲƸСƶУԶƶߵ棬ΪǸᶨ֧ߡijЩҴһȸŰѲƸеһСУ屾ʹȻ㣡Ƶ¶˹´иǿŰ͵ĸĸﲻ롱Ƶ¶ ˹ָijЩΪʱķ壬شʷԴ֮һҲԸЩ˵֣Ҳ۷ʮʵ˵ЩۼңԼдܷˣʵûȷ˼˹˼룬ǵĴʩѱʵ񶨡Ͷ˹޵̸ͷƵ¶˹޵ųΪŰ͹ȫָ˼롣

µҲԿŰ͹ȫּ͹Ű͸ĸķ򣬱ýŰʵӵߡࡤͼѡΪŰ͹ڶǡŰ;øĸʦĿ˹յһ̳59Ŀ˹šѧϰйԽϵĸĸᆳ顱1997 Ű͹ȫϳΪŰ͵ΪŹ׼µб˲ְ񡣷Ƶ¶˹Ϊе ȷ˵governmentǡȷġһ顰ûжijЩɲȡˡڼȨջǵҰģ ɥʧϡ

֮Ű͹ȫȷǿŰҪĸǿҪָĸ巽򡣺ܶݸӵýıȫ෴߲ףܹȻŰ͸ĸ

˵һ䣬ǹŰ͡ӵýҵıҲҲ˵Գʵıý壬ԽϡεıҲкܶ磬ǰԽʮʱйýͱʱ뵳ԽδһҪͻơԽʮһйýֱδԽʱ뵳֪᲻ٱһΡ磬ԽԼʱʱڵij׶ΡԼΪʱ׼Ľ׶ΡԼңΪֻδĿ꣬ơƻáȫѽȫҽƵıֻЩʵ塣ijΪԽϡαij壬˲ԽϡεǿҷԣӲǰñӿ۵ͷϡ


ŹĻ 뱨ѡ룬ѡԸ걨Ӣİ棺

ϳ֤۵ȵ㡣ǰưŰ˵ȻƽкģȴʮԸ߲͵ͼ۸֤йܹûʳƷϡ

60ĶȱʱʩеȻʹǵ˵ͶͶڻ֮࣬ôȻ˾޴ľøҽǵĹԣҪ˵֮ΥȻ֤Ϊ1100ŰƽȷƵģڶĻ֮ȡ20109£Ƕ̣ͬմȾкȺáԴˣҹ۵졣˽ϳ֤ȷԷϳҽ԰ҵƷڵһжʩһЩΪ˱Ͷѣ֤ÿ˵ĻʳƷϣͱȱЩƷǵļ۸ܲ൱ĴЩȲѧϰ಻˵֤߶ЩߵԾԼ

Ȼڴڵļ֤ͥȻھʷǺģķԭìܣܣͷ䡣

ڴˣҾ19751117շƵ¶ͬ־ڵһϵ뱨Ľٺʲǵľù𺦣ҺDZصĿ͹۾ùɡ

ٵǹ⣬ǹغǽΡںʱڶ̶ϼһ֤ķϳƵսᣬһľʩһ֡ЩʩּúиӵŤ

ͨƵķϳʩСҪʵʱҪģʽת䣬µľģʽҪܹٽͶЧʺʹȶˮƽҪûвǰʹй񶼻ûƷͷĹӦ

Ȼͼ۸ԼҵͳһϢϢصģҲ͹ʡߵءȥ1118յĹϽߵΪ빤ҪԵ޹ء

ƶ£Ű;ġݿƷʷǴ˸ᶨ֧ߣŰҲԹʻһ֯ʾ֯Щּ𺦵ĸĸʩʹЩ߶ȷĹѧ͹˵Ȼᱻѹ

һŰˡḣƶȽиĸΪЩҪṩв𵫺İͬǵǰĴģЩûֵ֧˽δIJص㡣

ͨüҵĹͶеͶȫȷġüԭǹ˵ĹУֹͣǰȡǴʹ֮ȫʵֵ

һЩؽӰһ̣оͰǹôҵߵȥʮѾ20Ű˴·ǹã徭ôҵһڵķѾǹõĴڣôgovernmentڸֲϵ֧֡ͱDZģͬʱҲҪϸа˰ڵ

ǹõķչͬijЩۼҹĶǽеƲ˽лǹõķչƶŰ彨Ļأʹùܹ߻ߵЧʺȫIJƲͬʱҴ΢۵Ĺнųһ棬Ҳʹܹɵͨᱣϵȫṩҽƺͽƽ˶ҵõرϹҵĶұĻԼʷŲȻҾͻøĻʵҹܷٵ־Ըϣǹ͹ĻܳΪŰ˶ȫϵеij羴

ȨԼŰΪ֮ԺļֵǹҵΡҲȷ͹ȫùŰͼΪȫƽĹȡҽxx֯ؤͯѹˡѧʿᆵ˽̡ܼ̿Ȼһֱ˾֯ǵĺ޸ѣʵֶǻrenquanϵĴȴʵƽȨط·ţҵԡ

ֽǾеļ뼯Ȩģʽ𲽵ĸı䣬Ҫй˵IJ롣δķУΪʽļƻýռλֽݺӵгƽΪƻҳڵIJ䡣

ʵǼ˵뼯Ȩе״񡣸ɲϰ桱ľȱ쵼ҵġ

ǵĴҵϰڰġȴʱķաΪ˷չ뱻

ΪDz֮ܲΪʵȨ͸ıһֹDZģҪܹȷ뵽طȨ޺͹ܣһҪԶԺ㡢Լʧְ׷



йԽϷ

ģ

˵սиԽѺúԼеԽԼпɿѡ

[˹Ī˹ƶʮյ]⣺

ڲȫģ

ʮйװԽ干͹

ԽϵԣйǡرǶԽϷжթʩѹߵֱӽ칫롰ͷԽϣΪԽϷжߣܾЭйţҳʵֱİȨͼϰ

йϲӲԸ̼կƷѪȵĹȨͻָͬڹԽϵѺùϵһΪԵĿʵ·ʷ򲻹ʵġɳܵĽ֡

йԽϵַһ֤Դƽ˵̬Ȳεʲô̶ȣй쵼ȡʲôķ̬ڶ

й벻ǰŻԵԽϣⲻʹκһʵˡκһȨĮġΥϹԭ򡢴ֱ̤ʷ жȫǰ¶ڶǵİȨߵʵʡκߵݱǿΪй쵼ʹսͼ

Խ干͹й쵼˹άСңͼԼðΪЩҵġӻߡĸ̸жֵ

ΪµƷӢ۵ԽһҲԼңпɿѡиԽ干͹ѺúԼе

ߵӦֹͣڻΪʱйһҲҪƽҪսԽ干͹Եĺνȫй쵼е

ҪֹͣԺйԽ干͹

[Ѷ]ۡ¶տһƪۣΪηֵúȲɡȫ£

йԽȷյһЧһǷԵһףйʵ֤Լȷܹ𷴰֣֮

ֽϣҪ⣬ĪڷϰȨš粻Ŭ취ȥֹԽԽĹұĸӹˡ ԽԽ׶񣬵±ţ߸ƻԸһʹúӰĶԣηηβʵĶȻ˻ɺʹۿۣӢ ձˡȻҪԸֻͶѡ


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Ҳ˵ëйѾ̨Ѱһʵĵ·ëһΰĵĸߣʷѫ׿ΰţ그صĴ󡣿˳ݵֵزȷǴĿġ

ǵʱйо뵽˰ĹHafizullah Amin 뵽˼կӢIeng Sary1975ڼկɱ

1979Ϊİڰ쵼һСıͳºĬ¡Muhammad Taraki ʱڹǷʡ󣬼7£ڿKabulһ͢䣬ɱ̨ͳûеõBrezhnevͬİɱ197912¶԰ĸ档

ijЩ񲨶أPol Potл19784°ɹʶ˰޷ͰˣӢȫһӢڼկҲǽһηʡ
ȷʵʶһЩDZȫнĻȻȴ˿ֲ顣Щ˺ڼȶʱ̷˷衣Щ˵޷Ӧгֵĸ⣬ǿɳܵķٶʹ𾪡

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ͬ˹ͬйۣ޳ĺƽƽƽɡŰ͵Σʱ˹ޡȶ۹̯Ƶľġ

ŰԴйƨȴǿйġסٲġ
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սë÷ֻ߽ȡIJԣǵʺꡱΪչйвӲʡΪ׺Ʒ⣬˹޳йǡԽ׼ū⽨ʲ׼͵۹õӵĺо

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ŰȷͨСëʱйһŰҲͬġͷޣӪΪֱӳͻ˳ĵطɹŰֱӴͷ1970Űгٷ֮һ˿ںսȻǮǹ

ġڵʱйŰ;֣׼ĴʣԽĿԽϱйΪŰ͡

ȻйڽѵŰ͡ԽʱƹŰҲ˹йǡʷɵıѸӡвܵһս걨ƣŰͽԮԽϣԼѪ

й⽻վڹŰ͵Ͻܣôһ仰6080йʵʽࡣ20֣20ʱһ⣬ɳΪ˹еëش󣿾ڶʮһͺּƣë󶫣һź;ţдʷԵƪ¡

 


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